Roma Caput Mundi

The culture of Rome is in its arts, language, politics, cuisine, libraries, architecture and aesthetics.
The city that was supposedly founded in 753 BC, has been the capital of the Roman Empire, a center of Christianity, the home of the Roman Catholic Church and the seat of the Italian Republic.

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As for the architecture, Rome has monuments of the ancient times like the Colosseum (70-80 AD), of the medieval time as the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, of the Renaissance as Campidoglio Square and of Neoclassicism period as the Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II.

The Vatican City.

The Vatican City.

As for religion, Rome hosts a State within the city, the Vatican, with its holy spots, as the Saint Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican museums.

"I bari," by Caravaggio.

“I bari,” by Caravaggio.

As for the art, Rome was the home of numerous artists and architects and has a vast and impressive collection of art, sculpture, fountains, mosaics and paintings of different periods. Among the artists, there are Bernini, Borromini and Caravaggio.

As for the cuisine, there’s not such thing as getting a bad meal in Rome. The city is known for its excellent cuisine and taste in food given by high quality and fresh ingredients. Among the most typical dishes, there are the Carciofo alla Giudia (Jewish-style artichoke) or the Pasta alla Carbonara (eggs, Pecorino cheese, bacon and black pepper).

As for the language, the original language was Latin, which is still taught in schools but not spoken anymore. Italian was born in the Middle Ages as a mix of various regional dialects.  These dialects still exist and are still spoken in every Italian city. Rome’s dialect is called Romanesco and Italians living in Rome still use some of the dialect expressions in their everyday language.

With all that Rome has to offer there’s no wonder if Rome’s nickname is “Caput Mundi”, the capital of the world.

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