Roma Caput Mundi. And how could it be otherwise? The years pass and the Ancient Rome keeps it’s charm intact,remaining the destination of millions of visitors every year, the place that everybody dreams to visit once in a lifetime.
Whether it’s the first or the hundredth stay in the Italian capital, it will always welcome you with its colors, its flavors and the many attractions it offers to see: it’s impossible to get bored.
Indeed, even if you live in the City you may need a lifetime to visit it all. But since it’s your first time in the city and you are out of time, here the ten places you must visit:
1) The Colosseum
Probably the most famous monument in Rome, it was originally named Anfiteatro Flavio and it is the biggest monument in the world. In 72 bc it was built by Vespasiano and it was inaugurated by Tito in 80 bc. It was the places used for public manifestations in particular for the gladiator games. Today, you can visit it and with a touch of imagination you can fantasize about it’s old splendor, and yes, you are authorized to scream : ” I am Massimo Decimo Meridio” as Russell Crowe did in the Gladiator movie.
2) The St. Peter Basilica
The dome of the first church of Christianity will be present in every panoramic picture you will take of the city (and by the way, is well worth a visit) and the church, with the large square in front of a beautiful backdrop, it is a must for the believers and non. The construction began in 1506 and completed after the consecration in the 1626. Sculpter Michelangelo, Maderno and Bernini contributed to the construction. Inside, there are art pieces famous everywhere as the Pity of Michelangelo. The basilica is 218 meters long, 13,330 meters high up to the dome, and has a total area of 23,000 square meters but it is not the largest in the world (the largest is the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire).
3)The Spanish Square
If you say “Piazza Di Spagna” you can immediately think about the Dolce Vita, Audrey Hepburn and the fashion shows on Trinità dei Monti steps ( be careful the steps are tight and pretty slippery). The square’s name derived from the seat of the Spanish Embassy at the Papal State and after the 1870 at the Holy See. The Barcaccia Fountain that you can admire at the end of the steps , surrounded by the many rose sellers, it was designed by Bernini.
4) The Trevi Fountain
” Marcello, come here”, said Anita while diving in the fountain and inviting Marcello Mastroianni to do the same in the movie “La Dolce Vita” by Federico Fellini. It definitely contributed to make the biggest fountain in Rome one of the most attractive spots in the city, famous all around the world. If you are thinking to imitate the scene you should know it’s severely prohibited: but you can throw the classic coin in the fountain as a good luck wish to come back in the eternal city and see again the majestic marble monument in late Baroque style, designed by Nicola Salvi and inaugurated in the 1735.
5) The Pantheon
The Pantheon was built in honor of the Olympus gods ( in 27-25 Ac, and it was built again by Adriano between the 118 and the 128 dc, after it was destroyed by the Nerones fire in 80 dC) it was then recovered by the Christians in the VI century with the name ” Santa Maria Della Rotonda or Santa Maria ad Martyres. it’s a geometrically perfect structure, the building looks like a sphere and it’s diameter measures 43,44 per 43,44 meters.
6) The Navona Square
Navona Square is crowded by artists all year long but it is especially festive during Christmas Eve where traditional games and the candies market can be visited. The Navona Square has the structure of an old stadium. It is built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian in a monumental style according to Pope Innocenzo X wish. There is a folkloristic legend about the Fountain of the Quattro Fiumi that tells the rivalty between the Bernini and the Borromini: the Nilo has a veil on the head because of the disgust that Bernini wanted to express about the close church of Sant’Agnese in Agone, designed by his rival. And the Rio Della Plata’s harm was up in order to express the ironic fear of the artist that the church could fell down. These stories aren’t truthful because Bernini completed the fountain before Borromini started the church construction.
7) The Imperial Fora
Heart of the imperial city, the Imperial Fora, represents an extraordinary open air witness of the magnificence and greatness of Rome. The archeological area is extend along the same name street – it’s not a case. It was used for the fascists parade – between Venice Square and the Colosseum – and it borders with the Foro Romano Complex. The first traces of human being presences go back to the second half of the II millennium AC.
8) The Vittoriano
The Vittoriano, or also called “writing machine” was sculpted by the Romans because it reminds the same structure; that overlooks with its majesty on the Venezia square. It was called Altare Della Patria since when it’s the home the of the Milite Ignoto, but its real name originates from Vittorio Emanuele II di Savoia, first king of Italy to whom the monumental complex is dedicated. Inside there are the war flags of the military unit dismissed and the naval unit abolished by the State ship. Also there are the flags of the military institutions and the state arm corps unit and other wars relics.
9) Vatican Museums
One of the biggest museums complex in the world, the Vatican Museums need the patience to wait in a long line before you can get in, but it’s really worth it: they have one of the biggest art collections in the world showing works of art collected by popes across the centuries.
The Michelangelo’s Sistine Chappell is here as well as the amazing Pope’s apartment also painted by Buonarroti and other pieces of art that recall art history dating back from the antiquity through to the modern age.
10) The Thermal Baths of Caracalla
The Thermal Baths of Caracalla or Antonine ( from the Antonini dynasty) examples of the imperial thermal baths of Rome, since they are an independent structure free from other buildings. They were wanted by the imperator Caracalla sull’Aventino between the 212 and 217 and they ceased to work centuries later following the aqueduct cut imposed by Vitige king of the Goti.